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International Journal of Botany
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 1 - 13

Phytosociological Characteristics the Vegetation of the Caspian’s Shores in Azerbaijan

Vagif Atamov    

Abstract: This study was performed on the phloristic and phytosociologic features and the classification and productivity of the vegetation of Caspian shores in Azerbaijan. Between Abseron peninsula and Astara (100-150 m shore zone) on the shore, 24 families, 83 geneses and 114 species were defined. Of these species, one belonged to Pteridophyta (Equisetum ramosissimum Desf.), one to Gimnospermae (Ephedra distachya L.) and the others belonged to Angiospermae. In the region, 4 vegetation types (desert, semi-desert, swamp and forest), 9 subtypes (sandy-desert, halophytic damp desert, halophytic arid desert, subtropical semi-desert, ephimeric subtropical semi-desert, swamp, meadow-swamp, shore plain forest and shore tugay forest), consisting of 48 formations and 57 associations were identified. The productivity of the above-ground surface and underground (40 cm) phytomasses were (dried grass per 25 cm2) 40-6400 and 50-4560 g, respectively.

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