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International Journal of Agricultural Research
Year: 2014  |  Volume: 9  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 259 - 264

Evaluation of Tomato Varieties for Fruit Yield and Yield Components in Western Lowland of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Shushay Chernet and Haile Zibelo    

Abstract: The objective of the study was to evaluate nationally released tomato varieties for fruit yield and yield components in western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Nine tomato varieties collected from Melkassa Agricultural Research Center were evaluated in randomized complete block design in three replications. The study was conducted in Humera Agricultural Research Center experimental site during 2012 under irrigation condition. Tukey’s test and Pearson correlation were used to compare treatment means and estimate association of characters. All the traits except number of flowers per plant and number of fruit per plant showed highly significant (p<0.001) difference among the varieties. Melkasalsa scored the highest number of fruits per plant (100), highest fruit yield per plant (2.491 kg) and marketable fruit yield (56.07 t ha-1) while, the minimum (17.89 t ha-1) marketable fruit yield was recorded from Bishola variety. Correlation studies showed that fruit yield per hectare had a very highly significant positive correlation with fruit yield per plant (r = 0.903), number of fruits per plant (r = 0.807), number of fruit clusters per plant (r = 0.850) and shape index (r = 0.501) indicated selection based on trait improve fruit yield per hectare. While, it showed significant negative correlation with fruit equatorial diameter (r = -0.478).

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