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Genes & Development
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 24  |  Issue: 20  |  Page No.: 2282 - 2293

Sept4/ARTS is required for stem cell apoptosis and tumor suppression

M Garcia Fernandez, H Kissel, S Brown, T Gorenc, A. J Schile, S Rafii, S Larisch and H. Steller    

Abstract:

Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins (IAPs) are frequently overexpressed in tumors and have become promising targets for developing anti-cancer drugs. IAPs can be inhibited by natural antagonists, but a physiological requirement of mammalian IAP antagonists remains to be established. Here we show that deletion of the mouse Sept4 gene, which encodes the IAP antagonist ARTS, promotes tumor development. Sept4-null mice have increased numbers of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, elevated XIAP protein, increased resistance to cell death, and accelerated tumor development in an Eµ-Myc background. These phenotypes are partially suppressed by inactivation of XIAP. Our results suggest that apoptosis plays an important role as a frontline defense against cancer by restricting the number of normal stem cells.

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