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European Journal of Orthodontics
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 32  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 677 - 680

Expression of Sox 9 and type II and X collagens in regenerated condyle

T Fujita, M Nakano, J Ohtani, T Kawata, M Kaku, M Motokawa, N Tsuka, H Hayashi and K. Tanne    

Abstract:

The present study was designed to examine the expression of Sox 9 and type II and X collagens in regenerated condyle resulting from the use of a functional appliance. Ninety, 3-week-old, mice were divided equally into the following groups: two experimental groups (condylectomy group and condylectomy with functional appliance group) and the corresponding control group. In the condylectomy group, a unilateral condylectomy was performed on the right side. In the condylectomy with appliance group, the mandible was repositioned in a forward direction using a functional appliance after unilateral condylectomy. The expression of Sox 9 and type II and X collagens in the condyle was determined immunohistochemically 4 weeks after surgery.

In mice with a condylectomy, the expression was minimal. On the other hand, these factors were highly expressed in the condylectomized side with the appliance. It is thus speculated that cartilaginous regeneration is due to the expression of chondrogenic factors, such as Sox 9 and type II and X collagens. It is also suggested that condyle regeneration results from an optimal intra-articular environment with appropriate joint spaces achieved by condylar repositioning.

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