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Ecologia
Year: 2020  |  Volume: 10  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 1 - 8

Temperature Elevation Effects on Livestock Production-A Study and Forecast of Bengaluru Climate Data

A.B. Sikiru, I.C. Alemede, A. Arangasamy, S.S.A. Egena and A.T. Ijaiya    

Abstract: Background and Objective: Temperature elevation causes stress in livestock via reduction of blood flow to the digestive tract, induction of metabolic stress and nutritional imbalances. These compromises, animal performance, therefore, this study aim was to explore changes in temperature over the years for the study area in order to forecast future temperature ranges as a way of identifying increasing temperature as potential source of stress for livestock performance and health. Material and Methods: Bengaluru climate data spreading over 40 years were obtained; these data were categorized into 10 years group; in each 10 years group, a year was divided into 4 quarters (3 months units) giving a total of 16 quarters for the 40 years period used in the analysis. Specifically, records of temperature, relative humidity and dew point temperature were used in this research. Results: Time series model and descriptive statistical analysis were carried out which showed increasing trend of temperature; from average of 26.32°C in the 4th quarters of 1974-1984 to 29.99°C in the 4th quarters of 2007-2017 and forecasted to increase to 31.21°C by the 4th quarters of 2018-2028. Conclusion: It was concluded from these outcomes that increasing temperature is a source of stress for livestock production in Bengaluru and a mix of strategic animal production management and research were suggested for development of climate resilient livestock production system for the area as a model implementable at similar locations worldwide.

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