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Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 14  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 314 - 324

Patterns of lipid changes among type 2 diabetes patients in Sudan

Elnasri H.A. and Ahmed A.M.    

Abstract: This study investigated the patterns and determinants of lipid disorders among a group of 250 type 2 adult diabetic patients and 60 age- and sex-matched healthy controls in Sudan. Demographic and clinical data, body mass index and waist circumference, and fasting blood samples were taken to estimate the glucose and lipid profile. The mean duration of diabetes was 9.4 years and 46.0% of patients had poor glycaemic control. Compared to controls we detected a statistically significant increase in triglycerides level and a decrease in HDL-C levels. Other lipid values showed a slight increase compared to controls. There was a statistically significant association of triglycerides and HDL-C with increasing age, female sex, obesity, physical inactivity and poor glycaemic control of diabetes.

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