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Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 13  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 536 - 543

Distribution of cardiovascular risk factors in coronary patients in Sahel Tunisia

Lihioui M., Boughzala E., Ben Farhat M., Ammar H., Chaouech A., Jemaa R. and Kaabachi N.    

Abstract: We evaluated cardiovascular risk factors and their association in patients in Sahel, hospitalized for coronary disease over the period 1994-1998. The clinical features of 3455 patients [72.4% men, 1741 with myocardial infarction, 1714 with unstable angina] were analysed on hospital admission. The prevalence of smoking, dyslipidaemia, hypertension, diabetes and obesity was 77.4%, 39.4%, 28.5%, 42.5% and 25.1% respectively in men and 2.9%, 43.7%, 59.2%, 56.6% and 31.9% respectively in women. With this risk factor profile a national strategy of primary prevention and heart health promotion is needed in Tunisia.

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