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Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal
Year: 2004  |  Volume: 10  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 879 - 886

Dietary fat and breast cancer in Saudi Arabia: a case-control study

Al Othaimeen A., Ezzat A., Mohamed G., Muammar T. and Al Madouj A.    

Abstract: A case-control study investigated the association between dietary fat and breast cancer in Saudi Arabian women attending a specialist hospital in Riyadh. Women with breast carcinoma [n= 499] newly diagnosed between 1996-2002, and control women [n = 498] randomly selected from patients' attendants and relatives, completed a food frequency questionnaire. Serum levels of triglycerides and total cholesterol were measured. A significant positive association was found between risk of breast cancer and intake of fats, protein and calories. Adjusted odds ratios for the highest quartile of intake versus the lowest were 2.43 for saturated fat, 2.25 for animal protein, 2.12 for polyunsaturated fat, 1.88 for cholesterol and 2.69 for total energy from dietary intake. For serum triglycerides the adjusted odds ratio was 2.16 for the highest quartile.

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