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Diabetic Medicine
Year: 2014  |  Volume: 31  |  Issue: 8  |  Page No.: 941 - 945

Similar weight-adjusted insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity in short-duration late autoimmune diabetes of adulthood (LADA) and Type 2 diabetes: Action LADA 8

C. B. Juhl, U. Bradley, J. J. Holst, R. D. Leslie, K. B. Yderstraede and S. Hunter    



To explore insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion in people with latent autoimmune diabetes in adulthood (LADA) compared with that in people with Type 2 diabetes.


A total of 12 people with LADA, defined as glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibody positivity and > 1 year of insulin independency (group A) were age-matched pairwise to people with Type 2 diabetes (group B) and to six people with Type 2 diabetes of similar age and BMI (group C). β-cell function (first-phase insulin secretion and assessment of insulin pulsatility), insulin sensitivity (hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp) and metabolic response during a mixed meal were studied.


Both first-phase insulin secretion and insulin release during the meal were greater (= 0.05 and = 0.009, respectively) in Type 2 diabetes as compared with LADA; these differences were lost on adjustment for BMI (group C) and could be explained by BMI alone in a multivariate analysis. Neither insulin pulsatility, incretin secretion nor insulin sensitivity differed among the groups.


We found no evidence that LADA and Type 2 diabetes were distinct disease entities beyond the differences explained by BMI.

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