Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Crop Science
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 48  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 794 - 803

Effects of Between-Row and Within-Row Spacing on Alfalfa Seed Yields

Tiejun Zhang, Xianguo Wang, Jianguo Han, Yunwen Wang, Peisheng Mao and Mark Majerus    

Abstract: Proper between-row and within-row spacing is essential for optimizing alfalfa seed yields and stand longevity. Using three alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) cultivars (WL232HQ, Derby, and Algonquin), we conducted a field study from 2004 to 2007 to evaluate the effects of three between-row spacing treatments (60, 80, and 100 cm) and four within-row spacing treatments (15, 30, 45, and 60 cm) on seed yield, seed yield components, plant height, basal stem diameter, and lodging. Our hypothesis was that the intermediate between-row and within-row spacing would gradually improve seed yields in later years. The highest seed yields were obtained with 60-cm between-row spacing and 15-cm within-row spacing in 2004, but with 80-cm between-row spacing and 30-cm within-row spacing in 2006 and 2007. The significant year x between-row spacing and year x within-row spacing interactions for seed yield indicated that 80-cm between-row spacing and 30-cm within-row spacing produced the best seed yields as years advanced, and our results confirmed this. With the increase of within-row spacing, stems per square meter decreased, while racemes per stem increased significantly. The effects of between-row and within-row spacing on seeds per pod, however, were not significant in four years. The results suggest that 80-cm between-row spacing and 30-cm within-row spacing can decrease the risk of lodging and optimize seed yields in the third and fourth harvest years.

View Fulltext    |   Related Articles   |   Back
   
 
 
 
  Related Articles

 
 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility