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Cancer Prevention Research

Year: 2010  |  Volume: 3  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 454 - 465

5-Deoxykaempferol Plays a Potential Therapeutic Role by Targeting Multiple Signaling Pathways in Skin Cancer

K. M Lee, K. W Lee, S Byun, S. K Jung, S. K Seo, Y. S Heo, A. M Bode, H. J Lee and Z. Dong

Abstract

Nontoxic small molecules with multitargeting effects are believed to have potential in cancer prevention. Dietary phytochemicals were shown to exhibit cancer-preventive effects attributed to their antioxidant capacities. In this report, we show that the natural compound 5-deoxykaempferol (5-DK) exerts a chemopreventive effect on UVB-induced skin carcinogenesis by targeting multiple signaling molecules. 5-DK suppressed the UVB-induced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor in mouse skin epidermal JB6 P+ cells. Moreover, 5-DK inhibited phosphorylation of MKK3/6, MKK4, and Akt, but had no effect on phosphorylation of Src, extracellular signal–regulated kinases, or ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK). However, 5-DK affected multiple targets by reducing Src, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), and RSK2 activities. In particular, pull-down assays revealed that 5-DK specifically bound to and competed with ATP for binding with Src, PI3K, and RSK2. Exposure to 5-DK significantly suppressed UVB-induced tumorigenesis in mouse skin in a dose-dependent manner, and it inhibited the UVB-induced expression of COX-2, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, vascular endothelial growth factor, and matrix metalloproteinase-9. Our data suggest that 5-DK docks at the ATP-binding site of Src, PI3K, and RSK2. For RSK2, the ATP-binding site is located between the N- and C-lobes of the kinase domain. Taken together, our results indicate that 5-DK holds promise for the treatment of UVB-induced skin cancer by targeting Src, PI3K, and RSK2 signaling. Cancer Prev Res; 3(4); 454–65. ©2010 AACR.

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