Phase I Study of Eribulin Mesylate Administered Once Every 21 Days in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors
A. R Tan,
E. H Rubin,
D. C Walton,
D. E Shuster,
Y. N Wong,
L. S. Rosen
Purpose: To evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), and pharmacokinetics of eribulin mesylate (E7389), a halichondrin B analogue, administered every 21 days in patients with advanced solid tumors.
Experimental Design: Eribulin mesylate was given as a 1-hour infusion every 21 days at doses of 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 2.8, and 4 mg/m2. The MTD was identified using an accelerated titration design. The pharmacokinetics of eribulin were evaluated in the plasma and urine with the first dose.
Results: Twenty-one patients were enrolled. At 4 mg/m2, three patients experienced a DLT of febrile neutropenia on day 7. The dose level was reduced to 2.8 mg/m2 where two of three patients experienced dose-limiting febrile neutropenia. Six additional patients were enrolled at 2 mg/m2 (seven patients in total received this dose) and one of these patients experienced a neutropenic DLT. The MTD of eribulin mesylate was therefore 2 mg/m2. Nonhematologic toxicities included alopecia, fatigue, anorexia, and nausea. Pharmacokinetic analysis showed linear kinetics for eribulin over the dose range studied and a terminal half-life of 2 days. The plasma-concentration-time profile exhibited a rapid distribution phase followed by a slow elimination phase. Drug clearance was nonrenal. One patient with non–small cell lung cancer achieved an unconfirmed partial response and 12 patients had stable disease.
Conclusions: Eribulin mesylate administered as a 1-hour infusion every 21 days has a manageable toxicity profile at 2 mg/m2, with further dose escalation limited by neutropenia.