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Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 3  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 476 - 483

Late Vascular Responses From 2 to 4 Years After Implantation of Sirolimus-Eluting Stents: Serial Observations by Intracoronary Optical Coherence Tomography

M Takano, M Yamamoto, M Mizuno, D Murakami, T Inami, N Kimata, K Murai, N Kobayashi, K Okamatsu, T Ohba, Y Seino and K. Mizuno    

Abstract: Background—

Late vascular responses after implantation of drug-eluting stents may play a key role in steadily increasing occurrence of very late stent thrombosis have not yet been fully investigated in human beings.

Methods and Results—

Serial optical coherence tomography observations at 2 and 4 years were collected for 17 patients treated with 21 sirolimus-eluting stents. Corresponding 376 cross sections within single-stent segments at intervals of 1 mm were selected for analyses, and neointimal thickness on each strut was measured. Extrastent lumen (ESL) was defined as an external lumen of the stent. Area and angle of ESL were measured. A total of 3369 and 3221 struts were identified at 2 and 4 years, respectively. From 2 to 4 years, mean neointimal thickness increased (76.8±75.6 µm versus 123.0±102.5 µm; P<0.0001), whereas frequency of patients with uncovered struts decreased (88% versus 29%; P=0.002). Although prevalence of patients that had ESL was similar (59% of 2 years versus 65% of 4 years; P=1.0), the cross sections with ESL increased (9.6% versus 15.2%; P=0.02). Moreover, area and angle of ESL increased from 2 to 4 years (0.28±0.27 mm2 versus 0.62±0.68 mm2 and 16.6±5.4° versus 65.1±38.4°; P<0.01, respectively). The incidence of subclinical thrombus did not decrease (24% at 2 years versus 29% at 4 years; P=1.0). All thrombi were identified in patients who had cross sections with ESL.

Conclusions—

The current serial optical coherence tomography study showed an augmentation of neointimal growth at the late phase of sirolimus-eluting stent implantation. ESL may contribute to thrombus formation and ESL of sirolimus-eluting stents expanded from 2 to 4 years.

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