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Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 3  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 368 - 374

Impact of Longitudinal Cardiac Rotation on Mitral and Tricuspid Atrioventricular Annular Diastolic Motion

Z. B Popovic, C Puntawangkoon, D Verhaert, N Greenberg, A Klein, J. D Thomas and R. A. Grimm    

Abstract: Background—

It is unknown whether longitudinal rotation (LR), often seen in cardiac resynchronization therapy candidates, may affect mitral annular early diastolic (E') velocities and tricuspid annular motion. We assessed whether (1) LR affects the amplitude and timing of septal and lateral mitral annular E' velocities and tricuspid annular systolic and E' velocities and (2) if systolic strain heterogeneity seen in cardiac resynchronization therapy patients with LR extends into diastole.

Methods and Results—

Ninety-nine cardiac resynchronization therapy candidates with suitable baseline echocardiograms were identified. Early diastolic (E') and systolic myocardial velocities of the tricuspid annulus and E' velocities of the septal and lateral part of the mitral annulus were analyzed from tissue Doppler images. Longitudinal rotation and basal systolic and diastolic strain rates were analyzed by speckle-tracking. LR correlated with lateral mitral annular E' (r=0.45, P<0.001), tricuspid annular E' (r=–0.3, P=0.003), and with a difference between septal and lateral mitral annular E' velocities (r=–0.49, P<0.001) but not with septal mitral annular E' velocity. LR also correlated with tricuspid annular systolic velocity (r=0.60, P<0.001). After categorizing the patients according to the quartiles of their LR, we showed that with decreasing quartile number, heterogeneity of systolic (P=0.003) but not diastolic (P>0.1) strain rates increased.

Conclusions—

LR direction and magnitude correlates with the amplitude of, and relative differences between, diastolic velocities of tricuspid, lateral mitral, and septal mitral annulus, which are a cornerstone of diastolic function assessment. LR is associated with systolic but not with diastolic regional heterogeneity.

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