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Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics

Year: 2009  |  Volume: 2  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 329 - 337

Genome-Wide Association Scan Identifies Variants near Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP) Genes on Chromosome 11q21-22 Strongly Associated With Serum MMP-1 Levels

Y. C Cheng, W. H. L Kao, B. D Mitchell, J. R O'Connell, H Shen, P. F McArdle, Q Gibson, K. A Ryan, A. R Shuldiner and T. I. Pollin


Background— Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 may play a role in cardiovascular disease susceptibility by influencing plaque rupture via its ability to degrade extracellular collagens.

Methods and Results— We performed a genome-wide association analysis of circulating MMP-1 levels using 500 K single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to identify genes influencing variation in serum MMP-1 levels in 778 healthy Amish adults. Serum MMP-1 levels, logarithm transformed, and adjusted for age and sex, were screened for association with SNPs using mixed-model variance components to account for familial relatedness. Median MMP-1 level was 3.05 ng/mL (interquartile range: 1.82 to 5.04 ng/mL) with an estimated heritability of 81% (P<0.0001). Serum MMP-1 levels were strongly associated with a cluster of 179 SNPs extending over an 11.5-megabase region on chromosome 11q. The peak association was with rs495366 (P=5.73x10–34), located within the region between MMP-1 and MMP-3 and having a minor allele frequency of 0.36. Two other SNPs within the 11q region, rs12289128 and rs11226373, were strongly associated with MMP-1 levels after accounting for rs495366 (P≤10–7). These 3 SNPs explained 31% of the variance in MMP-1 levels after adjusting for age and sex.

Conclusions— This study provides strong evidence that the serum MMP-1 level is highly heritable and that SNPs near MMPs on chromosome 11q explain a significant portion of the variation in MMP-1 levels. Identification of the genetic variants that influence MMP-1 levels may provide insights into genetic mechanisms of cardiovascular disease.

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