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Chemical Senses
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 35  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 491 - 499

The Receptor Potential of Frog Taste Cells in Response to Cold and Warm Stimuli

T Sato, K Nishishita, Y Okada and K. Toda    

Abstract:

Temperature sensitivity of frog taste cells was studied. The taste cell designated Type thermosensitive (TS) I cell was depolarized by warm stimulus at 30 °C and hyperpolarized by cold stimulus at 10 °C. The taste cell designated Type TS II cell was depolarized by the cold stimulus and hyperpolarized by the warm stimulus. Menthol solution at 20 °C, which selectively activates transient receptor potential (TRP) M8 channels sensitive to cold stimuli, depolarized Type TS II cells but not Types TS I cells. Thermal stimuli–induced receptor potentials were all blocked by a nonselective cation channel blocker flufenamic acid. The results indicate that Type TS I cells have warm sensor channels alone, Type TS II cells have cold sensor channels alone and both the channels are a nonselective cation channel. The candidate of cold sensor channel in Type TS II cells is a TRPM8 channel and that of warm sensor channel in Type TS I cells is likely to be a TRPM4-like channel from the published data. In a subset of taste cells, Types TS III and TS IV cells were found. The former was depolarized by both cold and warm stimuli, but the latter was hyperpolarized by both stimuli. Types TS III and TS IV cells might have both TRPM4-like and TRPM8 channels. It is supposed that depolarizations induced by both cold and warm stimuli were dominant in Type TS III cells and hyperpolarizations induced by both the thermal stimuli were dominant in Type TS IV cells.

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