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Bulletine of UASVM Animal Science and Biotechnologies
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 67  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 396 - 402

Genetic Diversity of Honeybees from Moldova (Romania) Based on mtDNA Analysis

Liviu Al. MARGHITAS, Cristian COROIAN, Daniel DEZMIREAN, Laura STAN and Emilia FURDUI    

Abstract: Honeybees from 21 locations from Moldova (Romania) were analyzed in order to study phylo-geographic distribution of Apis melllifera subspecies. The fragment of interest was tRNAleu-cox2 intergenic region. More than a half of the samples belongs to C12 haplotype, identical with C2d from Apis mellifera macedonica and Apis melllifera carnica. The second group has the same similarity on 94% of the fragment with Apis mellifera carnica C2c haplotype. There are two haplotypes, which can be associated with different subspecies of Apis melllifera included in C lineage. We discovered also two new haplotypes, C25 and C26 (GenBank acccession numbers: HQ215207, respectivelly HQ215208). One more conclusion has that Carpathian Mountains has not a natural obstacle in honeybees spreading during its natural adaptation process.

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