Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 14  |  Issue: 7  |  Page No.: 452 - 464

Two novel non-destructive biomarkers to assess PAH-induced oxidative stress and porphyrinogenic effects in crabs

Samuel Koenig, Candida Savage and Jonathan P. Kim    

Abstract: Two novel, non-destructive assays were developed to evaluate contaminant-induced lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid-reacting substances, TBARS, levels) and haem biosynthesis disruption (porphyrin excretion) in decapod crabs. A laboratory experiment was conducted whereby pie-crust crabs (Cancer novaezelandiae) were fed cockles (Austrovenus stutchburyi) collected from a contaminated and reference site and TBARS levels and porphyrin excretion determined using fluorometric analysis in urine samples. Pyrene metabolite levels were also measured in the same urine samples to assess polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure. Contaminant-exposed crabs exhibited elevated urinary TBARS and porphyrin levels and a strong correlation was found between these two assays and the urinary pyrene metabolite concentrations. However, there was large within-treatment variability, which precluded a clear separation between the control and the impacted group. Nevertheless, consistency in the direction of the response shows that the biomarkers reflect pollutant levels and validates the use of these simple techniques from human medicine for environmental assessments.

View Fulltext    |   Related Articles   |   Back
  Related Articles

No Article Found
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility