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Aquaculture Nutrition
Year: 2011  |  Volume: 17  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 488 - 497

The effect of lactic acid bacteria administration on growth, digestive enzyme activity and gut microbiota in Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus) and beluga (Huso huso) fry

F. ASKARIAN, A. KOUSHA, W. SALMA and E. RINGO    

Abstract: The aims of this study was to assess the effect of two lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Lactobacillus curvatus and Leuconostoc mesenteroides, originally isolated from gastrointestinal (GI) tract of beluga (Huso huso) and Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus), respectively, on growth, survival and digestive enzyme (amylase, lipase and protease) activities and the population level of LAB in the GI tract. The treatments included 10 different groups; control, separate supplements of Lcurvatus and Leumesenteroides at three different counts [2 x 109, 5 x 109 and 9 x 109 colony forming units (CFU) per gram food] and three combinations of the two LAB (2 x 109 + 2 x 109, 5 x 109 + 5 x 109 and 9 x 109 + 9 x 109 CFU per gram food). The bacteria used in this study were added in lyophilized form to chopped Chironomidae. In the beluga study, highest specific growth rate, survival and improved intestinal enzyme activities were noted in the rearing group fed 9 x 109 L. curvatus per gram food. In Persian sturgeon, the inclusion level of 2 x 109 Leu. mesenteroides had similar positive effect. The ability of LAB to colonize the digestive tract seems to involve host specificity, and our bacteriological results are relevant to initiate future probiotic studies in sturgeons and future directions will be discussed.

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