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Aquaculture Nutrition
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 16  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 475 - 482

Interactive effects of dietary vitamin C and phospholipid in micro-bound diet for growth, survival, and stress resistance of larval red sea bream, Pagrus major

T. REN, S. KOSHIO, ZH-Q. JIANG, S. YOKOYAMA, C.F. KOMILUS, J. GAO and M. ISHIKAWA    

Abstract: This study was conducted to examine the effects of dietary ascorbic acid (AsA) and phospholipid (PL) and their interaction on growth, survival, and stress resistance in red sea bream larvae. Twenty-six days old red sea bream were fed nine micro-bound diets supplemented three levels of AsA (0, 800 and 1600 mg kg−1 diet) and PL (0, 20 and 40 g kg−1 diet) for 15 days. Dietary AsA and PL were both significant factors on survival rates. There was also an interaction between dietary AsA and PL on survival rate (P < 0.05). The larvae fed 800 or 1600 mg kg−1 AsA with 40 g kg−1 PL diets showed the highest survival rate, with values similar to those of the live-food supplemented group. Stress resistance against low salinity exposure significantly increased with increased dietary level of AsA and PL. However, significant interaction of AsA and PL was not detected. The larvae fed 1600 mg kg−1 AsA with 40 g kg−1 PL diet showed the highest stress resistance among all diets, but it was not significantly different than that of larvae fed 800 mg kg−1 AsA with 40 g kg−1 PL diet. This study clearly demonstrated that combined use of AsA and PL can improve survival of 26–40 days posthatching red sea bream larvae. Moreover, the present study suggested that 800 mg kg−1 AsA with 40 g kg−1 PL in diet was needed for producing high quality seedling under the stressful conditions.

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