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Aquaculture Nutrition
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 15  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 54 - 59

Growth, haematological parameters and tissue lipid peroxidation of soft-shelled turtles, Pelodiscus sinensis, fed diets supplemented with different levels of ferrous sulphate

J.-H. CHU, S.-M. CHEN and C.-H. HUANG    

Abstract: Soft-shelled turtles, Pelodiscus sinensis, with an average weight of 5.55g, were fed diets supplemented with eight levels of ferrous sulphate for 8weeks. The analysed iron content ranged from 50.8 to 482.9mgkg−1. Growth rate of turtles fed the control diet with no iron supplementation was the lowest among all dietary groups. Haematological parameters including red blood cell, haemoglobin, haematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration of the turtles fed the control diet were also significantly (P<0.05) lower relative to the other groups. Thus, dietary iron at 50.8mgkg−1 (no supplemented iron) was deemed deficient for growth and ineffective at preventing anaemia in juvenile soft-shelled turtle. Whereas, a supplementation of 50mgkg−1 ferrous sulphate (a total dietary iron of 91.8mgkg−1) was enough to normalize the haematological values of soft-shelled turtles to the level similar to other iron supplement-fed groups. Within the tested dietary iron range, liver iron content curve-linearly (r2=0.99) increased with increasing dietary iron level. Furthermore, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances in liver tissues of the turtles have also increased when liver iron content increased. The dietary iron requirement of soft-shelled turtle is 120–198mgkg−1 when ferrous sulphate is used as the source of iron.

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