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Aquaculture Nutrition
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 15  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 262 - 272

Nutritional evaluation of waste date fruit as partial substitute for soybean meal in practical diets of juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L.

M.S. AZAZA, F. MENSI, W. KAMMOUN, A. ABDELOUAHEB, B. BRINI and M. KRAIEM    

Abstract: The potential of waste date meal (WDM; low-quality date palm, Phoenix dactylifera L.) as a carbohydrate source in formulated diets for Nile tilapia was evaluated. Four isocaloric-practical diets (15.7 kJ g−1) were formulated incorporating WDM at 0, 100, 200 and 300 g kg−1 levels as partial substitutes for soybean meal (SBM). These were designated D0 [284 g crude protein (CP) and 383 g carbohydrate (CHO) kg−1 diet], D1 (279 g CP and 446 g CHO kg−1 diet), D2 (207 g CP and 495 g CHO kg−1 diet) and D3 (175 g CP and 578 g CHO kg−1 diet). Each diet was fed to three replicate groups of 30 fish [20.20 ± 0.09 g (±SE)] for 75 days. No feed-related mortality was observed during the entire experimental period. Final body weight (FBW) and specific growth rate (SGR) in the different treatments were statistically not significantly different (P > 0.05). Protein efficiency rate (PER) was lowest in diet D0 and increased with decrease of SBM content (D1–D3). A significant increase in whole body lipid content was recorded in fish fed diets D2 and D3. Results showed that WDM could be a substitute for SBM up to 300 g kg−1 in practical Nile tilapia diets without compromising growth.

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