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Animal Biotechnology

Year: 2010  |  Volume: 21  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 64 - 76

Molecular Cloning and Comparative Characterization of the Porcine Troponin I Family

Hua Yang, Zaiyan Xu, Zhixiong Ma, Yuanzhu Xiong, Changyan Deng and Bo Zuo


Troponin I (TnI) is a family of three muscle-specific myofibrillar proteins involved in calcium-sensitive regulation of contraction in cardiac and skeletal muscle. In this study, the full-length cDNA and genomic sequence of three genes of porcine TnI family were cloned and sequenced. The full-length cDNA of TNNI1, TNNI2, and TNNI3 genes were 989 bp, 734 bp, and 831 bp in length, which contained an open reading frame of 564, 549, and 636 nucleotides, respectively. Three Troponin I shared 54.4 ~ 58.3% similarity with each other in their predicted amino acid sequences. The TNNI1, TNNI2, and TNNI3 displayed the same genomic structure as other vertebrates and spanned over 9785 bp, 2373 bp, and 3648 bp genomic regions, respectively. The regulatory elements in the proximal promoter of TNNI2 and TNNI3 were conserved among human, mouse, and pig, but regulatory element differences existed in the TNNI1 promoter among them. Expression profiling showed that TnI genes were widely expressed in the tissues studied, with the highest expression level of TNNI1 and TNNI2 in skeletal muscle, and TNNI3 in cardiac muscle.

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