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Animal Biotechnology
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 20  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 96 - 106

Exploratory Study on the Transcriptional Profile of Pigs Subclinically Infected with Porcine Circovirus Type 2

L. T. Fernandes, A. Tomas, A. Bensaid, M. Perez-Enciso, M. Sibila, A. Sanchez and J. Segales    

Abstract: The aim of this exploratory work was to use a microarray-based approach to study the global transcriptome profile of caesarean-derived, colostrum-deprived (CDCD) piglets experimentally infected with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). PCV2-inoculated piglets developed a subclinical infection, as confirmed by serology, in situ hybridization and quantitative PCR. Total RNA from mesenteric lymph nodes and lungs was obtained by duplicate from 2 control and 2 PCV2-inoculated piglets and was hybridized to Affymetrix Porcine GeneChip ®. Among the 24,123 probesets studied, 25 and 33 were found to be significantly differentially expressed (DE) between control and PCV2 groups for mesenteric lymph node and lung, respectively. Most up-regulated genes in PCV2 group were closely related to the immune response, such as cytokines (CCL4L, CXCL9, CXCL11), MHC binding molecules (TCRα, CD8α), immunoglubulins (IgG) and T cell activation (LCK, KLRK1, RASSF2, GBP2). Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to verify the microarray results. Therefore, from a transcriptional point of view, PCV2-inoculated pigs were apparently able to activate a cell-mediated response and develop PCV2-specific antibodies, which probably led to a subclinical infection. The results from this study indicate that a microarray based approach is a helpful tool in order to better understand the pathogenesis of PCV2 infection.

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