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Angiology
Year: 2011  |  Volume: 62  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 92 - 99

Revascularization Versus Medical Therapy for Renal Artery Stenosis: Antihypertensive Drugs and Renal Outcome

R Cianci, P Martina, F Borghesi, D di Donato, L Polidori, S Lai, G Ascoli, I de Francesco, A Zaccaria, A Gigante and B. Barbano    

Abstract:

Endovascular procedures may play a role in renal artery stenosis (RAS) treatment in attempt to preserve renal function and improve hypertension control. We determined renal outcome and the incidence of restenosis in patients with RAS treated with renal percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (RPTAs) and medical therapy versus patients with RAS treated only with medical therapy. We performed an observational study based on 93 patients with RAS. In all, 53 patients underwent RPTAs in association with medical therapy and 40 patients were only treated pharmacologically. In patients receiving RPTAs, a better renal outcome, a decrease of restenosis rate, and systolic—diastolic blood pressure were associated with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) + angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-is) therapy. In patients treated with medical therapy alone, renal improvement was related to ARBs in association with BBs (β-blockers; P < .0001). This study suggests that medical therapy may exert beneficial effects in patients with RAS.

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