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Alzheimer`s & Dementia

Year: 2012  |  Volume: 8  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 39 - 50

Modeling Alzheimer‘s disease progression using the disease system analysis approach

Roberto Gomeni, Monica Simeoni, Marina Zvartau- Hind, Michael C. Irizarry, Daren Austin and Michael Gold

Abstract

A novel mechanistic model based on a disease system analysis paradigm was developed to explore the role of homeostatic mechanisms involved in Alzheimer‘s disease (AD) progression. We used longitudinal AD Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) scores from 926 subjects with AD on stable acetylcholinesterase inhibitor therapy randomized to placebo treatment in two 54-week clinical trials. Alternative mechanistic models were evaluated by assuming that the rate of change of ADAS-cog over time was jointly regulated by a process characterizing the deterioration of ADAS-cog and by a process associated with a compensatory regulatory response. The model based on a time-varying deterioration rate of ADAS-cog performed better than the model based on a time-varying homeostatic control. The covariate analysis indicated that baseline Mini-Mental State Examination score, education, age, and apolipoprotein ɛ4 genotype had a significant effect on the level and shape of the trajectories of the mean model predicted ADAS-cog change from baseline.

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