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Asian Journal of Rural Development
Year: 2012  |  Volume: 2  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 24 - 31

Alternative Livelihood Options of Fishermen of Nijhum Dwip under Hatiya Upazila of Noakhali District in Bangladesh

M. Rahman, M.F. Tazim, S.C. Dey, A.K.M.S. Azam and M.R. Islam    

Abstract: The study was conducted to investigate the alternative livelihood opportunities available and accessible to the fishermen community of Nijhum Dwip under Hatiya Upazila of Noakhali district in Bangladesh. Primary data were collected through household survey using PRA tools such as Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and Crosscheck Interviews (CI) with key informants. The fishers were classified as boat owner-fisher (8%), laborer fisher (60%), fishers engaged in fish drying (18%) and others involved in fishing related occupations (14%). In recent time, fishers’ household income was limited as the highest number (46%) of the fishers’ annual income ranged between 50,000 and 75,000 BDT and the fish resources was decreasing for that supplementary income from other than fishery was of great importance. The most common Alternative Livelihood Generating Activities (ALGAs) identified by the fishers were: poultry (22%), livestock (21%), crop farming (19%), boatman (13%), non-farm day laborer (9%), small business (6%), handicraft/swing (5%), crab catching and fish farming (1%) and others (3%). Depending on high potential to increase income and high potential to increase market demand, a matrix of relative attractiveness of existing livelihood activities and alternative livelihood activities was developed.

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