Current Scenario of Production, Area and some Important Post Harvest Disease of Mango and their Management in India: An Overview
Bijendra Kumar Singh,
Mangoes account for approximately half of all tropical fruits produced worldwide. India is the largest mango producer accounting for about half of the global mango production. This research attempts to study about the production, area, productivity, disease associated with mango, management and factor which are responsible for the low production of Mango. Mango, a tropical fruit of great economic importance is generally harvested green and then commercialised after a period of storage. Unfortunately, the final quality of mango batches is highly heterogeneous in fruit size as well as in gustatory quality and postharvest behaviour. A large amount of knowledge has been gathered on the effects of the maturity stage at harvest and postharvest conditions on the final quality of mango. Considerably, less attention has been paid to the influence of environmental factors on mango growth, quality traits and postharvest behaviour. The preharvest factors presented here are light, temperature, carbon and water availabilities which can be controlled by various cultural practices such as tree pruning, fruit thinning and irrigation management. Recent advances are also discussed in modelling mango function on the tree according to environmental conditions that combined with experimental studies, can improve our understanding of how these preharvest conditions affect mango growth and quality.
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