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Asian Journal of Plant Sciences
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 6  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 98 - 101

Effect of Mulching and Fertilization on Growth and Yield of Garlic at Dinajpur in Bangladesh

M.J. Islam, A.K.M.M. Hossain, F. Khanam, U.K. Majumder, M.M. Rahman and M. Saifur Rahman    

Abstract: To study the effect of mulching and fertilizer management practices on the growth and yield of garlic, an experiment was conducted using three kinds of mulches viz., black polyethylene, straw and water-hyacinth with a control and three types of fertilizer management practices viz., cow dung (F1), urea + TSP + MP (F2) and urea + TSP + MP + cow dung (F3) were compared with no fertilizer/manure. Plants grown under black polyethylene, water hyacinth and straw mulches were produced the yields of 5.80, 5.70 and 5.48 t ha-1, respectively which were 39, 36.6 and 31.41% higher than the control (4.17 t ha-1). The effect of black polyethylene and water hyacinth mulch were almost similar on the growth and yield of garlic. On the other hand, the crops growing with urea + TSP + MP and urea + TSP + MP + cow dung and only cow dung gave yields of 6.36, 6.03 and 5.23 t ha-1, respectively which showed about 80.68, 71.30 and 48.57% increased over the control (3.52 t ha-1). The interaction effects of mulching and fertilizers did not exhibit significant variations. Though the application of black polyethylene mulch is somewhat hazardous, if it is possible to use the water hyacinth and black polyethylene mulch along with F2 and F3 were suitable for increasing production.

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