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Asian Journal of Plant Sciences

Year: 2006  |  Volume: 5  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 890 - 893

Ethnobotanical and Phytosociological Studies of Tehsil Gujar Khan District Rawalpindi

Rizwana Aleem Qureshi, Ijaz Ahmad and Muhammad Ishtiaq


Tehsil Gujar Khan is a typical example of Potohar region characterized by the natural beauty and specific cultural heritage. Only one family represented Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms by three families and Angiosperms by 66 families (10 monocots and 56 dicots). About 271 plants were enlisted from the study area in which 206 species of plants (76.01%) are herbs, species are trees (16.60%) and about 20 species are shrubs (07.38%). As for as conservation status of plants species is concerned 8.12% are abundant, 4.65% common, 2.14% uncommon, .71 rare and 7.38% of species are very rare. The results of utilization of plants showed that some plants have multiple uses. Based on utility, there were 197 medicinal plants (72.69%), whereas 76 species (28.04%) served as fodder and forage for animals, 2 species (15.49%) were used as fuel wood, species (17.34%) served for attracting honey bees, 2 species (11.81%) were used as vegetables and pot herbs, species (12.91%) used for thatching, sheltering and roofing, 1 species (11.43%) were planted as ornamental, species (9.96%) used for making various agricultural appliances and ropes, 1 species (07.74%) were timber yielding, 0 species (7.38%) were used for fencing and hedges whereas 22 species (08.11%) each were serving for the Category of fruit yielding plants. Lastly 7 species (02.58%) were serving as a source of spices and condiments. The species within a stand were arranged on the basis of importance values and named after the three leading species with the highest importance value as dominant; the closely approaching species were considered as co-dominant and followed by associated and rare species on the basis of I.V. So following four communities were found namely, Acacia-Aristida -Gnaphalium community, Poa-Acacia-Cymbopogon Community, Inula-Tamarix-Chenopodium community and Acacia-Prosopis-Imperata Community.

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