Constraints and Opportunities in the Production and Marketing of Wild Olive in Highland Balochistan: Farmers Perception
Nisar Ali Shah,
Syed Mohammad Khair
According to the survey results, on average the farmers received Rs. 11.67 and 12.17 with the standard deviation of 7.64 and 6.34 per kg of fresh wild olive fruits and Rs. 15.00 and 13.60 were charged per kg with the standard deviation of 8.66 and 6.88 for dry olive fruit in Loralai and Zhob districts. The overall land holding of the sample farmers varies between 46 to 76 acres and average land holding per farmer was found 60.61 with standard deviation of 133.64 (Minimum 3 acres with the Maximum as 600 acres) acres. Out of the total holding, 8.07, 8.86 and 33.87 with the standard deviations of 8.86,133.49 and 19.38 acres were found for irrigated, Sailaba and Kushkaba, respectively. Rainfed cultivation was observed on a large scale of about 54.31 acres per farmers. Overall the olive forests of the sample location varied from 119.00 to 208.00 km2. The combined areas of olive forest was found highest ( 208 km2) in Loralai followed by Zhob (187 km2) and Khuzdar (119 km2). Some of the farmers (20%) were of the opinion that leaves of wild olive trees were used as green tea. During the survey, they (56.67%) mentioned that wood is used as construction material for making doors and roofs. The use in firewood is found common among the villagers of the areas. Half of the farmers (50%) indicated that both, the fruits and leaves of the olive plant are used for animals feeding when the pasture have scared grasses specially in winter. 100% of the farmers were of the opinion that if high yielding varieties were introduced with better marketing, they will minimize other fruits orchards.
Cited References Fulltext