Bone marrow MyD88 signaling modulates neutrophil function and ischemic myocardial injury
Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), an adaptor critical for innate immune function, plays a role in neutrophil recruitment and myocardial injury after transient ischemia. However, how MyD88 signaling modulates neutrophil function and myocardial injury remains unclear. In an in vivo model of neutrophil migration and a chimeric model of MyD88 deletion, we demonstrated that Gr-1-positive (Gr-1+) neutrophil migration was significantly decreased by 68% in MyD88-deficient (Myd88–/–) mice and by 33% in knockout->wild-type (KO->WT; donor->recipient) chimeric mice, which lacked MyD88 in bone marrow cells but maintained normal MyD88 expression in the heart. This marked attenuation in neutrophil migration was associated with decreased peritoneal neutrophil CXCR2 expression and lower peritoneal KC, a neutrophil chemoattractant, in MyD88–/– mice. Moreover, in vitro, KC induces significantly more downregulation of CXCR2 expression in MyD88–/– than WT neutrophils. In an in vivo model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, KO->WT chimeric mice had significantly smaller infarct sizes compared with the WT->WT mice. While there was a marked increase in proinflammatory cytokine/chemokine expression in the myocardium following I/R, there was no significant difference between WT->WT and KO->WT mice. In contrast, Gr-1+ neutrophil recruitment in the myocardium was markedly attenuated in MyD88–/– mice. Deletion of Toll-interleukin-1 receptor (TIR)-domain-containing adaptor protein-inducing interferon-β-mediated transcription factor (Trif), another innate immune adaptor, had no effect on the KC-mediated CXCR2 downregulation or on myocardial neutrophil recruitment after I/R. Taken together, these findings suggest that MyD88 signaling is essential for maintaining neutrophil migratory function and chemokine receptor expression. MyD88 signaling in bone marrow-derived circulating cells may play a specific and critical role in the development of myocardial I/R-induced injury.