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The American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 298  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 656 - 664

Ca2+ influx via TRPC channels induces NF-{kappa}B-dependent A20 expression to prevent thrombin-induced apoptosis in endothelial cells

P. B Thippegowda, V Singh, P. C Sundivakkam, J Xue, A. B Malik and C. Tiruppathi    

Abstract:

NF-B signaling is known to induce the expression of antiapoptotic and proinflammatory genes in endothelial cells (ECs). We have shown recently that Ca2+ influx through canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels activates NF-B in ECs. Here we show that Ca2+ influx signal prevents thrombin-induced apoptosis by inducing NF-B-dependent A20 expression in ECs. Knockdown of TRPC1 expressed in human umbilical vein ECs with small interfering RNA (siRNA) suppressed thrombin-induced Ca2+ influx and NF-B activation in ECs. Interestingly, we observed that thrombin induced >25% of cell death (apoptosis) in TRPC1-knockdown ECs whereas thrombin had no effect on control or control siRNA-transfected ECs. To understand the basis of EC survival, we performed gene microarray analysis using ECs. Thrombin stimulation increased only a set of NF-B-regulated genes 3- to 14-fold over basal levels in ECs. Expression of the antiapoptotic gene A20 was the highest among these upregulated genes. Like TRPC1 knockdown, thrombin induced apoptosis in A20-knockdown ECs. To address the importance of Ca2+ influx signal, we measured thrombin-induced A20 expression in control and TRPC1-knockdown ECs. Thrombin-induced p65/RelA binding to A20 promoter-specific NF-B sequence and A20 protein expression were suppressed in TRPC1-knockdown ECs compared with control ECs. Furthermore, in TRPC1-knockdown ECs, thrombin induced the expression of proapoptotic proteins caspase-3 and BAX. Importantly, thrombin-induced apoptosis in TRPC1-knockdown ECs was prevented by adenovirus-mediated expression of A20. These results suggest that Ca2+ influx via TRPC channels plays a critical role in the mechanism of cell survival signaling through A20 expression in ECs.

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