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The American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology

Year: 2010  |  Volume: 299  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 1355 - 1362

Disruption of PICK1 attenuates the function of ASICs and PKC regulation of ASICs

Z. L Hu, C Huang, H Fu, Y Jin, W. N Wu, Q. J Xiong, N Xie, L. H Long, J. G Chen and F. Wang

Abstract

Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) extensively exist in both central and peripheral neuronal systems and contribute to many physiological and pathological processes. The protein that interacts with C kinase 1 (PICK1) was cloned as one of the proteins interacting with protein kinase C (PKC) and colocalized with ASIC1 and ASIC2. Here, we used PICK1 knockout (PICK1-KO) C57/BL6 mice together with the whole cell patch clamp, calcium imaging, RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunocytochemistry techniques to explore the possible change in ASICs and the regulatory effects of PKC on ASICs. The results showed that PICK1 played a key role in regulation of ASIC functions. In PICK1-KO mouse cortical neurons, both the amplitude of ASIC currents and elevation of [Ca2+]i mediated by acid were decreased, which were attributable to the decreased expression of ASIC1a and ASIC2a proteins in the plasma membrane. PKC, a partner protein of PICK1, regulated ASIC functions via PICK1. The agonist and antagonist of PKC only altered ASIC currents and acid-induced increase in [Ca2+]i in wild-type, but not in KO mice. In conclusion, our data provided the direct evidence from PICK1-KO mice that a novel target protein, PICK1, would regulate ASIC function and membrane expression in the brain. In addition, PICK1 played the bridge role between PKC and ASICs.

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