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The American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 297  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 935 - 944

Caveolin-1 plays important role in EGF-induced migration and proliferation of mouse embryonic stem cells: involvement of PI3K/Akt and ERK

J. H Park and H. J. Han    

Abstract:

The involvement of caveolin-1 in the regulation of embryonic stem (ES) cell growth by epidermal growth factor (EGF) is by no means clear cut. Thus we examined the relationship between EGF and caveolin-1 in mouse ES cell migration and proliferation. The results revealed that EGF increased Src, caveolin-1, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Akt, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 (ERK) phosphorylation levels. Especially, phosphorylation of caveolin-1 is attenuated by AG1478, herbimycin A (tyrosine kinase inhibitors), and pyrazolopyrimidine 2 (PP2, Src inhibitor) and EGF-induced ERK activation was blocked by PP2, methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD), caveolin-1 small interfering RNA (siRNA), LY-294002 [phosphoinositol-3 kinase inhibitor (PI3K)], and Akt inhibitor. In addition, EGF promoted the cell migration, which was attenuated by PP2, caveolin-1 siRNA, FAK siRNA, LY-294002, Akt inhibitor, and PD-98059. EGF also increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2) expression levels and EGF-induced MMP2 expression was inhibited by caveolin-1 siRNA, FAK siRNA, LY-294002, Akt inhibitor, and PD-98059. Furthermore, EGF-induced increase of cell cycle proteins expression level and [3H]thymidine incorporation was blocked by MMP inhibitor. EGF also significantly increases [3H]thymidine incorporation and cell number, which were significantly blocked by AG 1478, PP2, MβCD, caveolin-1 siRNA, FAK siRNA, LY-294002, and PD-98059 (ERK inhibitor). EGF-induced increase of protooncogenes (c-fos, c-myc, and c-Jun) and cell cycle regulatory proteins (cyclin D1, CDK4, cyclin E, and CDK2) expression levels were also attenuated by caveolin-1 siRNA and FAK siRNA. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that EGF-induced DNA synthesis and cell migration are mediated by caveolin-1, which is activated by Src, FAK, PI3K/Akt, ERK, and MMP-2 signals in mouse ES cells.

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