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The American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology

Year: 2009  |  Volume: 297  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 55 - 65

MAGI-1 interacts with Slo1 channel proteins and suppresses Slo1 expression on the cell surface

L. D Ridgway, E. Y Kim and S. E. Dryer

Abstract

Large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels encoded by the Slo1 gene (also known as KCNMA1) are physiologically important in a wide range of cell types and form complexes with a number of other proteins that affect their function. We performed a yeast two-hybrid screen to identify proteins that interact with BKCa channels using a bait construct derived from domains in the extreme COOH-terminus of Slo1. A protein known as membrane-associated guanylate kinase with inverted orientation protein-1 (MAGI-1) was identified in this screen. MAGI-1 is a scaffolding protein that allows formation of complexes between certain transmembrane proteins, actin-binding proteins, and other regulatory proteins. MAGI-1 is expressed in a number of tissues, including podocytes and the brain. The interaction between MAGI-1 and BKCa channels was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation and glutathione S-transferase pull-down assays in differentiated cells of a podocyte cell line and in human embryonic kidneys (HEK)293T cells transiently coexpressing MAGI-1a and three different COOH-terminal Slo1 variants. Coexpression of MAGI-1 with Slo1 channels in HEK-293T cells results in a significant reduction in the surface expression of Slo1, as assessed by cell-surface biotinylation assays, confocal microscopy, and whole cell recordings. Partial knockdown of endogenous MAGI-1 expression by small interfering RNA (siRNA) in differentiated podocytes increased the surface expression of endogenous Slo1 as assessed by electrophysiology and cell-surface biotinylation assays, whereas overexpression of MAGI-1a reduced steady-state voltage-evoked outward current through podocyte BKCa channels. These data suggest that MAGI-1 plays a role in regulation of surface expression of BKCa channels in the kidney and possibly in other tissues.

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