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Asian Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2019  |  Volume: 12  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 278 - 283

Effect of Yeast Elicitor on the Enhancement of Kaempferol from in vivo and in vitro Callus Cultures of Dregea volubilis Benth

N. Yogananth, R. Bhakyaraj, M. Syed Ali and R. Muthezhilan    

Abstract: Background and Objective: Kaempferol is the important polyphenolic flavonoids that is used to the remedy for cancers, cardiovascular disease, neuron disorder, cholesterol and serve as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. Materials and Methods: The present investigation was the comparative analysis of kaempferol from field grown plant parts and in vitro callus and also the enhancement of kaempferol by the influence of yeast elicitor were determined. In the present study, at the concentration of 2.0 mg L1 2,4–D+0.5 mg L1 KIN gave the maximum callus growth for both stem and leaf explants (3.47±0.50e and 3.56±0.44e, respectively). Results: The maximum content of kaempferol in three type of samples was observed in this order; yeast elicitor treated samples > in vitro raised callus samples > field grown samples. The highest amount of kaempferol was fount in 1 mL yeast elicitor treated with stem callus sample (0.986 mg g1 dw). Conclusion: Therefore, the present finding it was proved that the highest accumulation of kaempferol in elicitor treated in vitro callus is provides resource for preparation of drugs against various diseases by the pharmaceutical industries.

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