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Asian Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2013  |  Volume: 6  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 271 - 276

Reproductive Performance of Central Highland Goats under Traditional Management in Sekota District, Ethiopia

Mengistie Taye, Belay Deribe and Mussie H. Melekot    

Abstract: A study was conducted in the sub humid parts of Sekota District, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, to evaluate the reproductive performance of Central Highland goat types raised under the traditional management system of farm households. Twenty-two randomly selected flocks were monitored for two years during which reproductive data were collected on 524 does. The mean least squares Age at first kidding, litter size, kidding interval and kidding rate was found to be 407.9 days, 1.16±0.04 kids, 1.46±0.03, and 307.9 days, respectively. Age at first kidding was affected (p<0.01) by season of birth that does born during the hot season had short age at first kidding. Kidding interval was shorter (p<0.01) for does that kidded during cool season and single litter. Litter size was also affected (p<0.01) by parity and season of kidding. Does kidded in the hot season and those with higher parities had larger litter. The effect of type of birth and season of kidding on annual reproductive rate was significant that multiple bearing does and those kidded in the hot season had larger reproductive rate. The effect of season on most of the traits indicates the need for supplementation of does during the dry season when the grazing condition is very poor for better reproductive efficiency.

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