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Asian Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2011  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 252 - 258

Microbiology of Adenoid Infection in Children with Recurrent of Otitis Media

S. Nikakhlagh, N. Saki, R.A. Baghbdrani, F. Rahim and A.F.Z. Sheikh    

Abstract: This analysis aimed to resolve the qualitative and quantitative microbiology of adenoid tissue in children with or without recurrent otitis media. Total 133 children (aged 1-9 years) due to adenoid infection that underwent adenoidectomy in Imam Khomeini Hospital between Jan 2008 to Dec 2009, were engaged in this study. Of the 133 children studied, 67 (50.36%) patients with recurrent otitis media and 66 (49.62%) patients in the group without recurrent otitis media were observed. The most common organisms isolated were Alpha-hemolytic streptococci, Heamophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae. All the organisms were sensitive to Ciprofloxacin. Alpha-hemolytic Streptococci were the most common types that were isolated from 31 (23.3%) patients with recurrent otitis media and from 27 (20.3%) patients without recurrent otitis media. Out of 66 cases without recurrent otitis media, Alpha-hemolytic Streptococci were more common in age groups of 2 to 3 years [9 patients (6.76%)] and age groups of 4 and 5 years [9 patients (6.76%)]. Of 67 patients with recurrent otitis media, Alpha-hemolytic Streptococci were observed more in age group 4 to 5 years [8 patients (6%)]. As the result, Gram negative bacteria revealed significant differences among patients with and without recurrent otitis media (p<0.001). This study shows that the incidence of tonsil bacterial infection in children with recurrent otitis media is higher than children without recurrent otitis media.

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