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Asian Journal of Biochemistry
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 5  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 78 - 88

Comparative Toxicity Profile Study of Mebatic vs. Ofloxacin, Ornidazole and Metronidazole Drugs in Rat Model

A. Ahmad, M. Chaudhary, A. Soni, A. Payasi and V.K. Dwivedi    

Abstract: In the present study, the researchers have tried to determine the toxicity of a novel fixed dose combination of ofloxacin plus ornidazole (mebatic) vs. ofloxacin, ornidazole and metronidazole alone drugs in the plasma of Wister rats. Total thirty Wister rats were randomly selected and divided into five groups of six rats each. Group I was control normal saline (0.9% NaCl) treated group where as rest of four groups were treated with respective drugs. The drugs were given to animals intravenously for 24 days and blood samples were collected on 12th and 24th day after treatment for the measurement of biochemical parameters. Present results showed that there was insignificant increase in hemoglobin level on 12th and 24th day in mebatic treated group as compared with other treated groups. The levels of uric acid, alkaline phosphatase, creatinine, bilirubin and hepatic enzymes were found to be lowered but insignificant in mebatic treated group on 12th and 24th day treatment in comparison to ofloxacin, ornidazole as well as metronidazole alone treated groups. These levels were found to be almost near to normal level in mebatic treated group. When ofloxacin, ornidazole as well as metronidazole alone treated groups were compared to control group, these hepatic and renal parameters were significantly increased except in mebatic treated group. The level of free radical mediated damage was also significantly decreased in mebatic treated group in comparison to other treated groups. Therefore, these findings concluded that mebatic drug is less toxic and most effective than ofloxacin, ornidazole and metronidazole alone which improved hepatic and renal enzymes and free radical mediated damage.

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