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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
Year: 2013  |  Volume: 8  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 91 - 99

Variation of Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Magnesium in Blood Serum and Tissues of Two Breeds of Dromedary Camels in Saudi Arabia

Mutassim M. Abdelrahman, Riyadh S. Aljumaah and Moez Ayadi    

Abstract: A study was conducted to evaluate the blood serum, liver, kidney and meat tissues Zn, Cu, Mn and Mg concentrations by collecting samples from two dominant camel (Camels dromedaries) breeds, Majaheem (n = 15 males) and Maghateer (n = 15 males); 1.5±0.5 years old raised under traditional semi intensive system in Saudi Arabia. Blood and tissues samples were prepared and analyzed for the Zn, Cu, Mn and Mg concentrations by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES). Results showed that a significantly (p<0.05) higher Cu and Zn and lower Mn and Mg concentrations in blood serum of the Majaheem compared with the Maghateer breed. Copper and Mg concentration in Majaheem liver were significantly (p<0.01) higher, but lower Zn when compared with the Maghateer breed. For kidney samples, a significantly higher concentrations of Cu (p<0.0001) and lower Mn (p<0.05) and Zn (p<0.05) were found for Majaheem than for Maghateer. Furthermore, a significantly (p<0.05) higher Mg concentration and lower Cu (p<0.05) in meat samples from Majaheem breed when compared with the Maghateer. The inorganic matter percentages of liver, meat and kidney were significantly higher (p<0.05) for the Majaheem breed than for Maghateer (1.91, 1.2 and 1.371 vs. 1.46, 0.76 and 1.07%, respectively). Furthermore, Zn concentration in serum of Majaheem and Maghateer were positively correlated to Zn concentration in meat (R2 = 0.552 and 0.603, respectively; p<0.05). In conclusion, results indicate a breed differences may exist in Cu, Zn, Mn and Mg metabolism as a heritable characteristic. So, further studies are recommended.

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