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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
Year: 2012  |  Volume: 7  |  Issue: 10  |  Page No.: 1049 - 1054

Incidence of Calf Diarrhea in Cattle and Buffalo Calves in Uttar Pradesh, India

Subhash Malik, Amit Kumar Verma, Amit Kumar, M.K. Gupta and S.D. Sharma    

Abstract: Diarrhea in farm animals, especially in neonatal calves is one of the most challenging clinical syndromes encountered by practicing large animal’s veterinary practitioners. The objectives to study the prevalence of diarrhea cases in cattle and buffalo calves during the period of study (April, 2008-March, 2009) from the cases brought to TVCC, DUVASU, Mathura and district veterinary hospitals of North West UP; to compare the incidence rate of calf diarrhea in cattle and buffalo calves. Out of total 930 cases of calves recorded (from seven different government veterinary hospitals located in north west UP viz., Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Baghpat, Meerut, Gautam Budh Nagar, Ghaziabad and teaching veterinary clinical complex (TVCC), DUVASU, Mathura) during the period, 499 (53.66%) were of calf diarrhea. The incidence rate of calf diarrhea ranged between 48.68% (Meerut) to 57.68% (TVCC, DUVASU, Mathura). Out of these 930 sick cases, 572 (61.50%) were of buffalo calves, which differ significantly (p<0.05) in comparison to 358 (38.5%) cattle calves. The incidence rate of calf diarrhea in cattle calves (52.51%) was almost similar to the incidence rate in buffalo calves (54.37%). Statistically, there was no significant difference with regards to monthly distribution of diarrhea cases. However, there was significant difference in the incidence of calf diarrhea between winter and summer months. The maximum number of calf diarrhea cases were reported after the onset of rains and continued till the end of winter and autumn, which appears to be related to post calving season and climatic stress.

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