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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 267 - 277

Cellular and Humoral Immune Responses and Antigen Recognition in Sprague-Dawley Rats Experimentally Infected with Brucella abortus Biotype 1

M.M. Khatun, M.A. Islam, B.K. Baek and S.I. Lee    

Abstract: The study was undertaken to investigate the cellular and humoral immune responses as well as antigen recognition in the acute and sub-acute stages of Brucella abortus biotype 1 infection in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The SD rats were infected intraperitoneally with 1x1010 colony forming unit (cfu) of B. abortus biotype 1 Korean bovine isolate. The cellular and humoral immune responses were measured at 0, 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 60, 90 and 120 days after infection against Crude Brucella Protein (CBP) by Lymphocyte Proliferation Assay (LPA) and Indirect Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (IELISA). The experimentally infected rats developed specific lymphoproliferative and humoral immune response within 1 week post infection. A significant increase in the proliferative response to CBP was recorded on day 28 post infection. Brucella abortus specific IgG responses were initiated in SD rats at 3 days after infection. The highest IgG antibody titers were recorded at 35 days after infection and then the titer gradually decreased until the end of the experiment. Recognition of immunodominant antigens in CBP of B. abortus was performed by Western Blot (WB) assay using infected rat sera collected at 0, 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 60, 90 and 120 days after infection. Western blot assay of the sera using CBP antigens revealed a wide array of protein bands between molecular weight of 19 and 125 kDa. Proteins of 125, 105, 82, 66, 54, 46, 32, 24, 22, 21 and 19 kDa were frequently recognized by the sera of infected rats during the experiment. The 82, 46, 32, 24, 22, 21 and 19 kDa proteins were intensely recognized during the course of infection. These antigens should be considered useful for the diagnostic of B. abortus infection.

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