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Asian Journal of Animal Sciences

Year: 2016  |  Volume: 10  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 313 - 329

Status of Buffalo Production in Bangladesh Compared to SAARC Countries

M.A. Hamid, S. Ahmed, M.A. Rahman and K.M. Hossain

Abstract

The present study attempts to examine the scenario of buffalo production in SAARC countries. The buffalo plays a very important role in the SAARC countries which constitutes 73.77% of world buffalo population. The SAARC region has a great biodiversity of buffalo germplasm, including the world famous buffaloes Murrah and Nili-Ravi-renowned for high milk production potential. The SAARC countries share 93.19% of world buffalo milk production where India and Pakistan contributes 67.99 and 23.96%, respectively. About 71.4% of world buffalo meat is produced in South Asian countries. Although, buffalo is an essential part of livestock in SAARC countries, it has never been addressed in Bangladesh and always neglected despite their important role in the national economy. In Bangladesh, the total buffalo population are 1.457 million heads that are managed in household subsistance farming and extensive bathan farming in saline coastal region that are used as a draught animal and partially for milk and meat production. This study has tried to unreath the present scenario of buffalo production in SAARC countries and find out the constraints of buffalo production and recommendations of buffalo development in Bangladesh. This study has also explored the further development of buffalo in SAARC countries as well as in Bangladesh.

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