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Asian Journal of Animal Sciences
Year: 2015  |  Volume: 9  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 172 - 186

Insight into Trypanosomiasis in Animals: Various Approaches for its Diagnosis, Treatment and Control: A Review

Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Vikrant Sudan, Neha and Amit Kumar Verma    

Abstract: Trypanosomiasis is a haemoprotozoan disease entity caused by various members of Trypanosoma spp. affecting different species of domestic and wild animals like horses, mule, donkey, camel, cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goat, dogs, pig, elephant, deer, foxes, tiger and jackals with chief clinical signs of high intermittent fever, anaemia, loss of weight, edema of dependent parts, nervous symptoms, abortion and is responsible for major production losses. It can be transmitted through the biting flies wherein, the parasite may undergo biological or mechanical transmission. Various diagnostic methods from traditional to molecular are available for its diagnosis viz., microscopic examination, DNA detection by PCR, Card Agglutination Test and ELISA. The present review addresses important insights into trypanosomiasis, the etiological agent, advances and trends in its diagnosis, treatment aspects, prevention and control measures; which would help in limiting its prevalence in animals.

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