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Asian Journal of Agricultural Research
Year: 2017  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 98 - 102

Evaluation and Selection of Some Improved Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter) Varieties in Three Districts of Bench Maji Zone, Ethiopia

Abebe Bogale and Wondwosen Wondmu    

Abstract: Background and Objective: Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] is a cereal crop resilient to adverse climatic and soil conditions and possessing desirable storage properties. It is, a tetraploid with 40 chromosomes (2n = 4x = 40), belongs to the family Poaceae and, together with finger millet (Eleusinecoracana Gaerth.), to the subfamily Chloridoideae. It was originated and domesticated in Ethiopia. There are about 350 Eragrostis species of which E. tef is the only species cultivated for human consumption. The experiment was conducted to identify, select and recommend adaptable, high yielding, insect pest and disease resistant eleven released and one local variety at Bench Maji zone of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region (SNNPR). Materials and Methods: Twelve varieties were evaluated in randomized complete block design with 3 replication on station of South Bench, Guraferda and Sheko on main cropping season of 2015 and 2016. The data were subjected to one way analysis of variance using SAS software. Results: Analysis of variance revealed that except grain filling period at Guraferda woreda there were significant (p<0.005) differences among genotypes for culm length, panicle length, plant height, days to heading, days to maturity, grain filling period, primary panicle brunch, grain yield, biomass yield and harvest index at South Bench, Guraferda and Sheko. Based on the obtained result, three improved tef varieties namely, kora, Boset and Dukemat South Bench, Quncho, Gimbechu and Enatit at Guraferda and also Dukem, Quncho and Gimbechu at Sheko showed better performance for most of the studied characters including grain yield. Conclusion: Therefore, these three varieties were selected and recommended for the study area and similar ecologies of Bench Maji zone. On the other hand Magna at South Bench, Degatef at Guraferda and local variety showed lowest grain yield.

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