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Asian Journal of Agricultural Research
Year: 2014  |  Volume: 8  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 248 - 258

Detrminants of Household Food Security among Southwest Ethiopia Rural Households

Mequanent Muche, Birara Endalew and Tesfalem Koricho    

Abstract: Aim of this study was to analyze determinants of household food security in Mana woreda of Jimma zone. As a specific objective, this study assessed food security status, identified determinants of food security and analyzed range of coping strategies practiced by food insecure households in the study area. Purposive sampling technique was used to select both Jimma Zone and Mana woreda. For this study a total of 70 households were selected randomly followed by probability proportional to sampling technique from two kebeles’. Both primary and secondary data were collected for this study. Primary data was collected by direct interview of sample respondents whereas, secondary data was also collected from published and unpublished documents. Household caloric acquisition was employed to measure household food security in the study area. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS version 16.0. Regression model was used to reveal the effect of different variables on household food security. Accordingly, 42.9 and 57.1% households were found to be food insecure, food secure, respectively. Out of nine explanatory variables, educational status of household head, family size, use of farm input and number of oxen owned by households were found to be significant at less than 10% probability level. Sale of livestock, borrow grains and cash from relative and reduce size of meal were identified at initial stage as first, second and third choice whereas, escaping of meal, ate less preferred food and reduce size of meal were also identified at severe stage as first, second and third choice in which food insecure households practiced during food shortage. To improve household food security, the farmer should use their oxen for cultivation purpose, use family planning and allocate their income for all expenditure and the woreda education office together with minister of education should provide adult learning programme to reduce illiteracy.

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