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Asian Journal of Applied Sciences
Year: 2019  |  Volume: 12  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 22 - 28

Air Quality and Health of Cement Dealers in OBIO/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria

Chukwu-Okeah Gift Ogondah, Imiete Godspower and Obidininwa Fidelis Chuma    

Abstract: Background and Objective: The quality of air that it breathe plays a crucial role on the state of health of any individual and how well that individual will be in the long run. The need for a clean air ignited the need for this study. The study objectives includes to assess the indoor air quality of cement shops in the study area, determine if the air quality of the cement dealers shop in the area vary with WHO standards, identify the ailments associated with the cement dealers in the area and examine the impact of cement dust exposure on health of the cement dealers. Materials and Methods: Quasi-experimental and cross sectional research designs were used in carrying out the study, field measurements for air quality parameters such as SO2, NO2, CO, CH4, NH3, PM2.5 and PM10 was done using standard equipments. Copies of questionnaires were also distributed amongst the cement dealers to ascertain ailments associated with the cement dealers in the area as to examine the impact of cement dust exposure on health. Results: All the pollutants examined were found to be within the World Health Organization permissible limit apart from CO and PM 10 which are above the permissible levels in all the sampled cement shops. Statistically, the study reported that there is no statistically significant variation in air quality of the cement shops with WHO standards for air quality and that there is a statistically significant impact of cement dust exposure on health of cement dealers. Conclusion: It was therefore recommended that, there is need for a comprehensive check up for all cement dealers as to reduce the risk of developing terminal ailments and that air quality monitoring for every level of occupation should be encouraged as a way of ensuring a safe working environment devoid of risk.

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