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American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 5  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 363 - 369

Field Assessment of Anthracnose Disease Response for the Sorghum Germplasm Collection from the Mopti Region

J.E. Erpelding    

Abstract: Problem statement: Sorghum anthracnose (Colletotrichum sublineolum) is a highly variable pathogen and new sources of host plant resistance are required for the development of resistant sorghum varieties. Germplasm collections are an important source of host plant resistance and screening germplasm will be essential to identify new sources of resistance. Approach: The sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) collection from the Mopti region of Mali was inoculated with Colletotrichum sublineolum and evaluated for foliar anthracnose disease response in Isabela, Puerto Rico during the 2004 and 2005 growing seasons using a partially balanced lattice design with three replications. Results: A resistant response was observed for 45 of the 97 accessions in the collection and mean infection severity for the 52 susceptible accessions was 27.6%. An association was observed between resistance and the administrative district where the germplasm was collected. More than 50% of the accessions from the Bandiagara and Bankass districts showed a resistant response. The lowest frequency of resistant germplasm was observed for the Mopti district with 25% of the accessions showing a resistant response. The susceptible accessions from the Mopti district, however, showed the lowest mean infection severity. Approximately 44% of the accessions from the Douentza district showed a resistant response with the susceptible accessions showing the highest mean infection severity. These results suggest an association between annual rainfall and anthracnose resistance, with sorghum accessions from drier regions showing greater susceptibility. Anthracnose resistance also showed an association with sorghum race classification and race guinea accessions were more frequently resistant as compared to accessions classified as race durra or durra-bicolor. Conclusion: The results indicated that anthracnose resistant sorghum germplasm is frequent in the Mopti region of Mali and that ecogeographic origin and sorghum characterization information can be used to aid in germplasm selection or germplasm acquisition to identify anthracnose resistant sources.

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