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Agricultural Journal
Year: 2020  |  Volume: 15  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 57 - 64

Local Adaptations under Tunisian Oasis Climatic Conditions: Characterization of the Best Practices in Water Agricultural Sector

L. Dhaouadi, N. Karbout, K. Zammel, M.A.S. Wahba and S. Abdeyem    

Abstract: For a long time, the governance of water resources in oases presents great challenges for local and national stakeholders with the consideration of economic, social and environmental importance of this complex ecosystem. So, it’s very important to understand its behavior under current and future climate change conditions. This study focuses on diagnosing, identifying, characterizing and capitalizing the most practices of irrigation water management in the Tunisian oasis and selecting the best among them and to disseminate it in the oasis communities through workshops, field days and school days. The most capitalized best practices found during this study are: community governance of irrigation water distribution in the oases of El Guetar, valorization of the oasis heritage through the labialization SIPAM (case of the historic Oases of Gafsa), Improved gravity irrigation Basin system under date palm in the Oases, the sandy amendment at the level of oasis agricultural parcels, gravity Bubbler irrigation system in date palm groves and magnetic treatment of irrigation water and mixing of irrigation waters to improve their qualities.

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